Winter snow, spring lambs


February 23rd it had snowed overnight. The farm looked lovely dressed in white. No lambs on the ground yet, and the newest calf was warm in his little red jacket with mom's rich milk to fill his belly.


By February 28th, we had no snow, and 4 new lambs on the ground, with a cold storm moving in for the weekend. Perfect time to leave the farm! But we were excited to complete the course work we had started in December, learning about planning for a healthy farm. It would be our final course, 4 days overnight away from home and all the sheep looking ready to pop. 


This would be our first overnight together away from the farm, and the longest the feral farm kids have stayed in town at their grandparents. We were anxious, but we had so much learning to do it didn't leave much time to worry. 9am-5pm for the next 4 days we would be learning how to monitor the land to make sure the mineral and water cycles were healthy and the ecosystem diversity was increasing on our farms. 


Getting away was amazing. We learned so much our heads hurt. The company and food were excellent (everybody brought their home-raised meat and eggs, and we provided the milk and cream), and we learned a lot just from the conversations, let alone the intense 9-5 course work. We got our hands dirty (and our boots, and for the people that slipped on the hill, pants too), and everybody left with a brainful of new things to think about and plan for. 


We returned to beautiful spring weather, 12 new lambs, and 1 new bull calf. Everyone is healthy and well, and the folks keeping the farm going did an excellent job (especially in the middle of the miserable weather). 

Now we are busy stacking wood (our landlord had arborists out this week, and we asked to keep some of the branches). The sun on your back and the cords piling up gives you a pleasant feeling, like having money in the bank, but more solid (and more regular--if you are a farmer!).

House cleaning and catching up on emails will keep me busy until the next round of lambs starts hitting the ground. 

No doubt they are waiting for a change of weather ;-)

Why does pasture matter?


For raw milk drinkers the benefits of having a delicious, easy to consume food that is rich in amino acids, immunoglobulins, probiotics, as well as fat, protien and energy, may seem like enough.

But if you are already budgeting for a high quality product, it's totally worth it to maximize the nutrients you are getting in your food. And that's where pasture comes in.

There are three main benefits to drinking milk from cows eating pasture vs. conventional high-grain diets.

Benefit 1: Increased vitamin content in the milk. 

In general, the more grain a dairy cow is fed, the more milk she will produce--but the vitamin content doesn't increase in the same way. That means when you get milk from a cow that gets more grain and makes tons of milk, you are getting less of the vitamins and more water in your milk. Milk from cows fed mostly pasture may be more expensive for this reason (the farmer has a higher cost per gallon), but the consumer is getting a lot more vitamins per glass In particular, you will get more vitamins A, C, E, and both forms of K (K1 and K2). [1] [2]

Benefit 2: WAY more beneficial fats.

Grassfed cows produce milk with a lot more CLA in it than cows on pasture part time or not at all. According to one study, "Cows grazing pasture and receiving no supplemental feed had 500% more conjugated linoleic acid in milk fat than cows fed typical dairy diets [high in grains]." [3] CLA is thought to reduce body fat, decrease cardiovascular diseases and cancer, improve bone mass, increase immune system health, and decrease autoimmune reactions. Pretty cool!

Benefit 3: Planned grazing = Healthy soil and healthy plants = more nutrients!

 Planned grazing with ruminants (cows, sheep, goats, etc.) can have amazing beneficial effects on soil, plant, and animal biodiversity [4][5][6]. Over time, this increase in soil and plant health means that animals eating the plants are healthier, and produce more nutrient-rich foods. The soil is healthy and crops grown in it will also have more nutrients. All without relying on chemical fertilizers. To me, that's true food security! 


[1] Jensen, S. K., A. K. Johannsen, et al. (1999). "Quantitative secretion and maximal secretion capacity of retinol, beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol into cows' milk." J Dairy Res 66(4): 511-22

[2] Fu, X., Harshman, S. G., Shen, X., Haytowitz, D. B., Karl, J. P., Wolfe, B. E., & Booth S. L. (June 2017). Multiple vitamin K forms exist in dairy foods. Current Developments in Nutrition.

[3] Dhiman, T. R., G. R. Anand, et al. (1999). "Conjugated linoleic acid content of milk from cows fed different diets." J Dairy Sci 82(10): 2146-56